According to experts, one or more factors may contribute to infertility. However, they say that the most common problems include:
Fallopian tube obstruction
Blocked or scarred fallopian tubes that prevent sperm from reaching the egg are a frequent cause of infertility, especially among African Americans.
At the same time, a history of pelvic infection, sexually transmitted disease or endometriosis increases a woman’s risk for Fallopian tube obstruction.
Irregular uterine shape
In addition to the tube obstruction issue, irregularly shaped uterus can make it difficult for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterine wall.
Abnormalities can be caused by uterine fibroids (noncancerous growths on the uterine wall) or scar tissue from surgery or infection.
The problem could also be the way the woman’s uterus is shaped.
Sometimes women don’t ovulate regularly and consistently.
Sporadic menstrual cycles can be caused by conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), hormonal imbalances or obesity.
At other times, ovulation can also be impacted by excessive exercise, stress or low body weight.
The male factor
In more than 30 percent of infertility cases, there’s a problem with sperm such as low sperm count or abnormal sperm movement or shape.
Male factor infertility can be due to a number of reasons such as trauma, medical conditions like diabetes and unhealthy habits such as heavy drinking and smoking.
The Impact of Stress
It’s normal to feel anxious when you’re trying to conceive. But whether or not that impacts fertility is up for debate. However, couples must learn to manage stress.
Age Is a Major Factor for Women
It is often said that women can’t conceive after their menstrual cycles stop, usually sometime in their 40s or 50s.
Men produce sperm throughout their lives, but women are born with a set number of eggs that decreases as they age.
According to fertility experts, a woman’s body continues to lose eggs no matter what she does. And the rate at which women lose eggs accelerates around the age of 37.”